Two workers are holding a thin plate with length 5 m and height 2 m at rest by supporting the plate in the bottom corners. The workers are standing at rest on a slope of 10 degrees. Treat these supporting forces as vertical normal forces and calculate their magnitudes and state if both workers are sharing “the job” fairly.

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- Statistics

Advanced

Mathematical

FRQ

A solid sphere of mass 1.5 \, \text{kg} and radius 15 \, \text{cm} rolls without slipping down a 35^\circ incline that is 7 \, \text{m} long. Assume it started from rest. The moment of inertia of a sphere is I= \frac{2}{5}MR^2 .

- Rotational Energy, Rotational Inertia, Rotational Kinematics, Rotational Motion

Advanced

Mathematical

MCQ

A disk of radius R = 0.5 cm rests on a flat, horizontal surface such that frictional forces are considered to be negligible. Three forces of unknown magnitude are exerted on the edge of the disk, as shown in the figure. Which of the following lists the essential measuring devices that, when used together, are needed to determine the change in angular momentum of the disk after a known time of 5.0 s?

- Angular Momentum, Rotational Motion, Torque

Advanced

Mathematical

MCQ

A centrifuge rotor rotating at 9200 rpm is shut off and is eventually brought uniformly to rest by a frictional torque of 1.20 N·m. If the mass of the rotor is 3.10 kg and it can be approximated as a solid cylinder of radius 0.0710 m, through how many revolutions will the rotor turn before coming to rest? The moment of inertia of a cylinder is give by \frac{1}{2}mr^2 .

- Rotational Kinematics

Beginner

Mathematical

MCQ

A meter stick of mass .2 kg is pivoted at one end and supported horizontally. A force of 3 N downwards is applied to the free end, perpendicular to the length of the meter stick. What is the net torque about the pivot point?

- Rotational Motion, Torque

Advanced

Mathematical

GQ

A horizontal uniform meter stick of mass 0.2 kg is supported at its midpoint by a pivot point. A mass of 0.1 kg is attached to the left end of the meter stick, and another mass of 0.15 kg is attached to the right end of the meter stick. The meter stick is free to rotate in the horizontal plane around the pivot point. What is the tension in the string supporting the left end of the meter stick?

- Linear Forces, Rotational Motion, Torque

Beginner

Mathematical

MCQ

A car accelerates from 0 to 25 m/s in 5 s. If the car’s tires have a diameter of 70 cm, how many revolutions does a tire make while accelerating?

- Rotational Kinematics, Rotational Motion

Intermediate

Conceptual

MCQ

Two uniform solid balls, one of radius R and mass M, the other of radius 2R and mass 8M, roll down a high incline. They start together from rest at the top of the incline. Which one will reach the bottom of the incline first?

- Rotational Motion

Advanced

Mathematical

MCQ

The moment of inertia of a solid cylinder about its axis is given by I = \frac{1}{2}mR^2. If this cylinder rolls without slipping, the ratio of its rotational kinetic energy to its translational kinetic energy is

- Rotational Energy, Rotational Motion

Advanced

Mathematical

GQ

A car is moving up the side of a circular roller coaster loop of radius 12 m. The angular velocity is 1.8 \, \text{rad/s} and angular acceleration is -0.82 \, \text{rad/s}^2 . The car is at the same elevation as the center of the loop. Find the magnitude and direction of the acceleration.

- Centripetal Acceleration, Rotational Kinematics

Intermediate

Mathematical

GQ

A 0.72-m-diameter solid sphere can be rotated about an axis through its center by a torque of 10.8 N·m which accelerates it uniformly from rest through a total of 160 revolutions in 15.0 s. What is the mass of the sphere?

- Rotational Kinematics, Torque

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Kinematics | Forces |
---|---|

\Delta x = v_i t + \frac{1}{2} at^2 | F = ma |

v = v_i + at | F_g = \frac{G m_1m_2}{r^2} |

a = \frac{\Delta v}{\Delta t} | f = \mu N |

R = \frac{v_i^2 \sin(2\theta)}{g} |

Circular Motion | Energy |
---|---|

F_c = \frac{mv^2}{r} | KE = \frac{1}{2} mv^2 |

a_c = \frac{v^2}{r} | PE = mgh |

KE_i + PE_i = KE_f + PE_f |

Momentum | Torque and Rotations |
---|---|

p = m v | \tau = r \cdot F \cdot \sin(\theta) |

J = \Delta p | I = \sum mr^2 |

p_i = p_f | L = I \cdot \omega |

Simple Harmonic Motion |
---|

F = -k x |

T = 2\pi \sqrt{\frac{l}{g}} |

T = 2\pi \sqrt{\frac{m}{k}} |

Constant | Description |
---|---|

g | Acceleration due to gravity, typically 9.8 , \text{m/s}^2 on Earth’s surface |

G | Universal Gravitational Constant, 6.674 \times 10^{-11} , \text{N} \cdot \text{m}^2/\text{kg}^2 |

\mu_k and \mu_s | Coefficients of kinetic (\mu_k) and static (\mu_s) friction, dimensionless. Static friction (\mu_s) is usually greater than kinetic friction (\mu_k) as it resists the start of motion. |

k | Spring constant, in \text{N/m} |

M_E = 5.972 \times 10^{24} , \text{kg} | Mass of the Earth |

M_M = 7.348 \times 10^{22} , \text{kg} | Mass of the Moon |

M_M = 1.989 \times 10^{30} , \text{kg} | Mass of the Sun |

Variable | SI Unit |
---|---|

s (Displacement) | \text{meters (m)} |

v (Velocity) | \text{meters per second (m/s)} |

a (Acceleration) | \text{meters per second squared (m/s}^2\text{)} |

t (Time) | \text{seconds (s)} |

m (Mass) | \text{kilograms (kg)} |

Variable | Derived SI Unit |
---|---|

F (Force) | \text{newtons (N)} |

E, PE, KE (Energy, Potential Energy, Kinetic Energy) | \text{joules (J)} |

P (Power) | \text{watts (W)} |

p (Momentum) | \text{kilogram meters per second (kgm/s)} |

\omega (Angular Velocity) | \text{radians per second (rad/s)} |

\tau (Torque) | \text{newton meters (Nm)} |

I (Moment of Inertia) | \text{kilogram meter squared (kgm}^2\text{)} |

f (Frequency) | \text{hertz (Hz)} |

General Metric Conversion Chart

Conversion Example

Example of using unit analysis: Convert 5 kilometers to millimeters.

Start with the given measurement:

`\text{5 km}`

Use the conversion factors for kilometers to meters and meters to millimeters:

`\text{5 km} \times \frac{10^3 \, \text{m}}{1 \, \text{km}} \times \frac{10^3 \, \text{mm}}{1 \, \text{m}}`

Perform the multiplication:

`\text{5 km} \times \frac{10^3 \, \text{m}}{1 \, \text{km}} \times \frac{10^3 \, \text{mm}}{1 \, \text{m}} = 5 \times 10^3 \times 10^3 \, \text{mm}`

Simplify to get the final answer:

`\boxed{5 \times 10^6 \, \text{mm}}`

Prefix | Symbol | Power of Ten | Equivalent |
---|---|---|---|

Pico- | p | 10^{-12} | 0.000000000001 |

Nano- | n | 10^{-9} | 0.000000001 |

Micro- | µ | 10^{-6} | 0.000001 |

Milli- | m | 10^{-3} | 0.001 |

Centi- | c | 10^{-2} | 0.01 |

Deci- | d | 10^{-1} | 0.1 |

(Base unit) | – | 10^{0} | 1 |

Deca- or Deka- | da | 10^{1} | 10 |

Hecto- | h | 10^{2} | 100 |

Kilo- | k | 10^{3} | 1,000 |

Mega- | M | 10^{6} | 1,000,000 |

Giga- | G | 10^{9} | 1,000,000,000 |

Tera- | T | 10^{12} | 1,000,000,000,000 |

- Some answers may be slightly off by 1% depending on rounding, etc.
- Answers will use different values of gravity. Some answers use 9.81 m/s
^{2}, and other 10 m/s^{2 }for calculations. - Variables are sometimes written differently from class to class. For example, sometime initial velocity v_i is written as u ; sometimes \Delta x is written as s .
- Bookmark questions that you can’t solve so you can come back to them later.
- Always get help if you can’t figure out a problem. The sooner you can get it cleared up the better chances of you not getting it wrong on a test!

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